are able to see at birth, but vision is not fully developed. Newborns
can distinguish bright colors, masses, and bold, contrasting patterns.
Babies can focus on objects 8 to 12 inches away - about the distance between
the baby's and mother's face during breastfeeding. Beyond this distance,
babies cannot see clearly, but can distinguish patches of light, larges
shapes and movement.
to recognize what we see lies in the brain's occipital lobe, near the
back of the head. In babies, the pathways that relay the information
from the eye to the brain are not fully developed yet. So, at first,
babies don't understand what they are seeing.
to 4 Months
In the first
few months of life, focusing ability, color distinction, depth perception
and hand/body coordination develop rapidly.
the first month, babies prefer contrasting dark and light patterns to
solid colors. They are unable to tell the difference between similar
shades (red and orange) or distinguish pastels. From age 2 to 4 months,
colors become distinct and babies begin to recognize primary shades.
first few weeks, eyes may wander in different directions. By 1 to 2
months of age, eyes focus equally and babies can track moving objects.
Babies will follow faces and objects from side-to-side, which will help
develop the ability to focus on close objects. If you talk while moving
around the room, the baby will look in the direction of your voice.
This action may help the baby focus the eyes equally on distant objects.
crib mobiles in bright, primary colors-red, green, blue and yellow,
or high contrast patterns help develop focus. At about 2 months of age,
babies lose interest in stationary objects and prefer to track moving
objects. Brightly colored toys and wall hangings will capture their
attention and develop the ability to distinguish colors and shapes.
2 months, when babies' fists begin to uncurl, they will begin reaching
for bright objects, developing eye-hand coordination. When a baby holds
a noisy toy, the sound attracts his or her attention, making it easier
to learn the connection between what the eyes see and what the hands
third month, babies swipe at objects strung across the crib or stroller.
Reaching like this refines hand-eye coordination.
4 to 8 Months
at about 4 months, depth perception, focus, and object tracking skills
are refined. By this time, the eyes should work together and focus equally
on objects. This ability is important for binocular and three-dimensional
begin to be able to track moving objects near-to-far. At this time,
babies also learn to recognize people and remember things. Hide and
seek or "peekaboo" games improve this skill.
things to touch and see will hold babies' attention. Big colored pictures
or complex designs will attract their interest and exercise binocular
vision. Reaching, touching, and tracking noises are still important
for developing hand-eye coordination. Babies will grab objects, instead
of swiping at them. They begin moving objects from hand to mouth. Hair
and jewelry are easy targets at this age.
By 5 months
of age, babies can spot small objects and track movements. Because of
depth perception, they will turn objects over to get different perspectives.
They begin to recognize pastels and similar color shades.
By 8 months,
babies often begin to crawl. This helps babies develop eye-hand-body-foot
coordination that is important for walking.
8 to 12 Months
By 8 months,
babies begin to see like an adult. Color vision is fully developed.
Near vision is better than far vision, but babies can see an object
across a room and may be able to crawl to it. They will look around
when they hear a noise.
can track objects in all directions, including up-and-down. Because
of their new awareness of vertical space, babies of this age may fear
coordination improves dramatically. Babies can grasp and throw with
much greater accuracy. Fine motor skills begin to develop. As they move
into the toddler stage, babies can hold toys between the thumb and forefinger,
poke or point at objects with an index finger, or reach behind their
back without looking to grab a toy. Building blocks, stacking toys,
or very simple puzzles are good for hand-eye coordination at this stage.
(iris) will have changed by now, although subtle variations may occur.
By 10 months,
parents may be able to tell whether their baby is right- or left-handed.
At this age, books attract interest. Babies may try to turn pages or
grab at pictures.
to judge distances improves continually. By 12 months, babies can grasp
and throw things with much greater accuracy and steer a wheel in a car
seat or stroller.
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